Skip to content

Knowledge Products

Circular Textile value chain

India is the fifth largest textile and apparel production country and the largest cotton textile producer in the world. The sector faces many environmental, social and economic challenges. Each year, an estimated 7793 kilo tons of textile-cutting waste is created in the production process, of which 60% is cotton. Local waste collection and distribution are highly informal and fragmented in India, often resulting in a lack of proper waste management and resource recovery. This means that a large share of textile waste will be sent to landfills and/or incinerated, leading to soil pollution and toxic gas emissions. While there is a lot of textile waste in India, the potential for textile recycling cannot be realised due to the lack of proper technology (for sorting and separating blended fibres from chemicals) and a professional value chain to deal with this quantity of waste. This results in the potential value of a large amount of textile waste not being capitalised.

Vulnerable groups of society are being affected by poor working conditions and are often paid below minimum wage. Women in this sector are particularly vulnerable, as they are forced to work extremely long hours due to the low pay.

Against this background, Concordia Textiles, GIZ and Enviu have joined forces to demonstrate and replicate a scalable and inclusive value chain of textile waste in India.

In collaboration with PwC, we have developed a ReUse Guide which is an open-source knowledge product, is being developed with the goal of enabling increased use of textile waste by both formal and informal enterprises. The guide provides a comprehensive overview of various categories of textile waste generated across the textile and apparel sector value chain and the prevailing practices towards management of this waste.


Download the ReUse Guide

Click Here

In partnership with Saahas Zero Waste, we have produced a Textile Waste Management Methodology (TWMM) which is a low-tech, simple and easy-to-follow methodology that will be shared with the
(informal) waste management sector. The TWMM can improve the business case of informal waste
workers and can be adapted/translated to support the personnel of the textile industry, solution providers and individual waste pickers. This methodology is applicable for collecting and sorting various kinds of textile waste, specifically post-production (waste created in the production of garments) and post-consumer waste (worn garments). 


Download the Textile Waste Management Methodology
Click Here


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *